Kata Tjuta Travel Guides & Facts
In this article, we cover a few key facts and about Kata Tjuta in this handy travel guide.
Kata Tjuta Travel Guide, Northern Territory
- A group of large, domed rock formations located about 30 km away from Uluru. The peak is Mt. Olga.
- They are believed to be about 500 million years old.
- Kata Tjuta is sacred to the Anangu Aboriginal people.
- Elevation:- 1,066 m
- Climate (August to September):- Warm weather with steady warm winds
The Traditional Owners
- The Aboriginal people of Anangu have lived here for at least 22,000 years.
1800s – Early European Exploration
- 1872 – Earnest Giles first saw Kata Tjuta. Botanist Baron Ferdinand von Mueller named it Mt. Olga.
- 1894 – The Horn expedition brings a scientific team to study its geology, mineral resources, plants and animals.
- The land was found not suitable for farming.
1900s – Aboriginal Reserves
- 1918 – 1920 – The area around Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park was declared as an Aboriginal reserve (South-Western / Petermann Reserve)
- Aboriginal people were herded into the reserve.
- In the early 20th Century, Christian Lutheran missionaries visited and introduced Christianity to the Aboriginal people.
1930s – Late 1950s – Tourism in the Land
- 1936 – 1957 – Brings many tourists, gold prospectors and a school group to the region.
- 1948 – First vehicle track to Uluru was constructed.
- 1950s – Tour bus services to Uluru started to operate.
- 1958 – Became the Ayers Rock-Mt Olga National Park.
- Motels, tour companies & tours, and an airstrip were established.
Early 1970s – Early 1980s – The Struggle for Land Rights and the Handback
- 1970 – 1978 – The Anangu people go through many struggles and negotiations and win back co-management of the National Park.
- 1985 – The Anangu and Commonwealth agree to a 99-year lease with Anangu to receive an annual rent and a share of park revenue.
- 26th October 1985 – Handback of deeds of grant to Anangu people.
1990s – A World Heritage
- 1993 – Official name of the park was changed to Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park.
- 1994 – Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park granted World Heritage listing.
- 1995 – Winning the Picasso Gold Medal, the park is given the highest World Heritage Honour.
For historical information of Kata Tjuta please visit this website: uluru-kata-tjuta-national-park/culture-and-history/history-park
- The Aboriginal people of Anangu believe that the Central Australian landscape (including the Uluru and Kata Tjuta) was created at the beginning of time by ancestral beings called Tjukuritja.
- The Tjukuritja travelled widely, forming the world. They created trees, rocks, caves, boulders and waterholes.
- They also believe that they are the direct descendants of the Tjukuritja as well as the local custodians of these ancestral lands.
Tradition / Customs
- The Tjukurpa is the spirituality, law, moral compass for day-to-day life and justice system of the Anangu people.
- The Tjukurpa guides the Anangu relationships between people and their environment.
- Everything the Anangu people do revolve around the Tjukurpa.
- The Anangu people like tourists to learn about Tjukurpa and respect it.
- The Tjukurpa is not memorized. It is passed on to people who have inherited or earned the right to possess the knowledge.
- Their ceremonies play an important role in passing different sections of Tjukurpa knowledge to successors.
Art & Culture
Tjukurpa stories as well as the journeys taken by the ancestral beings (Iwara) are told through the following forms of art and culture;
- “Inma” (songs and ceremonies)
- Dot paintings:- Sacred and restricted to specific groups of people
For more information on the culture of the ancestral Anangu people please visit this website: uluru-kata-tjuta-national-park/culture-and-history/tjukurpa
Animals / Birdlife
|Uluru-Kata Tjuta cultural centre|
Blue-tongue lizard, three-lined knob-tailed gecko, water-holding frog, Woma python
|Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park|
Brush-tailed mulgara, dingo, mala (rufous hare-wallaby), red kangaroo, southern marsupial mole
|Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park|
For more information on the animal and birdlife of the region please visit this website: https://parksaustralia.gov.au/uluru/discover/nature/animals/
Uluru – Kata Tjuta National Park Tours
Features of the tours:-
- Visit to the Cultural Centre
- Stunning sunsets and sunrises at Uluru and Kata-Tjuta
- Tours of the park by camel, motorbike or scenic flight
- Cultural tour and indigenous cultural experiences
- Viewing of traditional activities such as boomerang-throwing
- Valley of the Winds
- Bush camping
Notes for traveller safety and comfort:-
- Not wheelchair accessible
- Travellers should have moderate physical fitness
- Please bring a torch, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, towel, insect repellent and water bottles
- Wear comfortable walking shoes
For more information on tours to Kata Tjuta please visit this website: https://www.mulgasadventures.com.au/